ECAT Preparation Guide 2020

The Engineering College Admission Test (ECAT) is conducted by the University of Engineering and Technology Lahore in Punjab for admission in BE/BS/BSc engineering degrees. It is a key requirement for admission in many top engineering universities of Pakistan including UET, GCU, NUML etc.

ECAT Test Pattern


ECAT is a MCQ based test. The test is divided into 4 portions based on subjects:
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry /Computer Science / Statistics
  • English.

ECAT Subjects

These MCQs are divided into subjects as follows;
  • Mathematics (30 MCQs)
  • Physics (30 MCQs)
  • Chemistry (30 MCQs) (can be substituted by Computer Science or Statistics)
  • English (10 MCQs)
The Chemistry portion of the test can also be substituted by Computer Science or Statistics if you want to opt for a Computer Science or General Science degree.

ECAT Negative Marking

You are given 100 minutes to solve a total of 100 MCQs, each of 4 marks. However negative marking (-1) is done on every wrong answer. If the question is left blank, you get a 0. If you want to take a guess on a question, then it is worth noting that you stand to lose 1 mark if it’s wrong, but you also stand to gain 4 marks if its correct. Make sure you calculate your risk correctly.

UET Latest admission policy for ECAT 2020

UET has recently announced that candidates who are waiting for the results of their Intermediate Part II are also eligible to sit in the Entry Test. the new policy enables UET to accept students on the basis of marks in the Entry Test, Matric, Inter 1st year, or O Levels. These decisions have been taken with respect to justice in the larger picture of students of all backgrounds getting an equal chance to attend their desired universities.

ECAT test dates 2020

Ecat 2020 will be held from 3 to 6 August in Virtual University campuses. For this mock test will be held on 27 and 28 July.

ECAT dates and deadlines

Tokens for ECAT will be available at HBL branches for Rs. 1200/- from 6th May to 1st June 2020. The last date for printing the admit cards is 2nd June 2020. The final ECAT result will be declared on UET’s web portal on 15 June 2020.

ECAT registration process

Applications can only be submitted online. Following steps should be followed for the admit card:
  • Fill entry test application online at with the info from token serial number and token number
  • Choose the relevant combination of subjects that you wish to register for. DAE/B.Tech students may choose CS or chemistry as optional subjects
  • Upload recent passport sized picture with light background which will become part of future reference in official record
  • Select the test center and session time slot nearest to you. If seats in your desired center or slot get filled up, then you will have to change your choice.
  • Admit card will be generated immediately. Last date to generate admit card online is 2 June 2020.

Photo ID details for ECAT

  • NADRA Juvenile Card
  • Official photo ID as in the certificate of Matric/Inter
  • Computerized domicile certificate with a picture
  • Passport
  • Statement of entry for CIE background students
  • Failure to bring photo ID may cause expulsion

General Tips for ECAT

Start preparing in FSc

Syllabus for test and FSc is almost the same

There is a large degree of overlap between the syllabuses of ECAT and FSc. Most of the concepts, formulas, and diagrams in the ECAT are taken directly from the FSc syllabus. It is a smart strategy to use your pace while preparing for FSc to direct it towards ECAT preparation too. This will help you ensure that your concepts stay strong up until the ECAT.

Focus on concepts- rote learning will not work!

However, this also means that you will have to modify the way that you prepare for the FSc. No more will cramming and rote learning help you because even if you make it past the FSc, it will be impossible for you to retain those concepts and apply them in the ECAT exams. But this also means that if you work smartly enough, then all the time you spend practicing past papers, calculations and graphical diagrams, will be worth double as it helps you excel in the ECAT. This also explains why even though there are a lot of different books on ECAT practice, you will be sufficiently covered with only a few books.

Practice past papers regularly

ECAT Preparation Material

To prepare for ECAT we would request you to use this online test preparation service

Time Management is key.

With extremely limited time, the only way you can perform to your maximum is if you have practiced it a thousand times before. You cannot afford to enter the exam hall unprepared. The key to master this is by doing past papers over and over again. There are four subjects so that means tons of past papers to practice from.

Race against time

It is recommended to take a systematic approach to this. Also make sure to time yourself, and judge your performance against the time allotted to you. Are you unable to complete the paper in time? Is there a concept that you waste way too much time on? It is crucial for you to evaluate yourself and cover your weak points. Visit this link to find ECAT past papers from 2004 to 2019: click here

Take a systematic approach to ECAT preparation

Don’t practice blindly without a plan

To overcome the huge amount of past papers that you need to have on your fingertips, you need to make a schedule for practicing them. If your approach is random, then you will waste a lot of time and effort without even realizing it! Firstly, you should do some general practice to make sure that you can perform under time pressures on exam day, and have memorized the approach to test-taking. But that is not enough.

Figure out what you’re weak at

You also need to do loads of specific practice. The key is to have self-awareness, by realizing what your strengths and weaknesses are. Maybe trigonometry is something that you always struggle in. Maybe English grammar has never been your strong suit. But this should not scare you. Because this is where your specific practice will help you. Pay extra emphasis on these topics in not only the past papers but also internet questions if you run out of past paper questions.

Stress management

Stress Release

Don’t panic

To perform optimally during the ECAT exam under the time pressure, you need to be in the right space mentally. Do not overthink and do not spend more time on any one question if you cannot figure it out, because then you are eating up time from other questions. If you have prepared well in advance, if you have put yourself under the exercise of past papers with the same time limits, then you will feel a great sense of confidence during the paper.

Subject wise tips for ECAT

ECAT English Section

In the English section of ECAT, a variety of English concepts are tested. Analogies, sentence completion, synonyms, antonyms, sentence correction, and reading comprehension are some of the major types. You should prepare for all these types. Sample MCQs can be found in ECAT preparatory books as well as past papers. If you have a lot of time before the ECAT exam, then it is strongly recommended to start reading on a daily basis. This can include any random article or book, and it does not have to be for long periods, but make sure you make it a consistent habit.

ECAT Maths tips


For the Maths section, all the concepts are linked together, and they build on top of each other. If there is a concept that you find difficult, do not ignore it thinking that it won’t be tested much because it might be needed in solving another question that could be heavily tested. Make sure you perform your practice without a calculator because it will not be allowed in the ECAT.

ECAT Physics Syllabus

The following are some of the topics that will be included in the Physics portion of the exam. Make sure you pay equal attention to all of them and focus on building strong concepts
  • Measurements
  • Vectors and equilibrium
  • Motion and force
  • Work and energy
  • Circular motion
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Oscillations
  • Waves
  • Physical optics
  • Optical instruments
  • Heat and thermodynamics
  • Electrostatics
  • Current electricity
  • Electromagnetism
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Alternating current
  • Physics of solids
  • Electronics
  • Dawn of modern physics
  • Atomic spectra
  • Nuclear physics

ECAT Chemistry Topics

These are the topics that will be tested in the chemistry portion of the test. The initial concepts form the basis of the more advanced topics so do not consider selective study
  • Basic concept
  • Experimental techniques in chemistry
  • Gases
  • Liquids and solids
  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonding
  • Thermo chemistry
  • Chemical equilibrium
  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Periodic classification of elements and periodicity
  • S-block elements
  • Group IIIA & IVA elements
  • Group IV-A & VI-A elements
  • The halogens and the noble gases
  • Transition elements
  • Fundamental principles of organic chemistry
  • Aliphatic hydrocarbons
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Alkyl halides
  • Alcohols. Phenols and ethers
  • Aldehydes and ketones
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Macromolecules
  • Common chemical industries in Pakistan
  • Environmental chemistry

ECAT Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the validity period of ECAT test scores?

A: Your test scores would be valid only for the admissions cycle you sit in the exams for. You will not be able to use them for future admissions cycles.

Q: Is there negative marking in the ECAT test?

A: There are a total of 100 marks, and every correct answer earns you 4 marks. However, incorrect answers will also cause negative marking of -1.

Q: What is the eligibility criteria of admission in the ECAT exam?

A: Candidates with the following qualifications can apply:
  • Inter Pre-engineering or equivalent foreign certification
  • Intermediate with Physics & Maths with CS or Statistics as 3rd subject or equivalent foreign degree
  • Intermediate premedical or equivalent foreign degree
  • DAE, B.Sc (Eng.) Technology or equivalent exam

Q: What documents are needed to apply for ECAT exams?

A: The following documents are needed:
  • Attested domicile with latest picture
  • Photocopy of computerized original CNIC or computerized B-form
  • Photocopy of mark sheet
  • Photocopies of all examinations and degrees that the candidate has passed
  • 6 recent passport-sized pictures
  • IBCC equivalence certificates for students with a foreign qualification

Q: Are there any seats reserved for foreign Pakistanis?

A: Yes.

Q: What documents are required to apply for admission for seats for foreign candidates?

The following documents are needed:
  • Attested photocopy of the resident visa of the candidate’s guardian given by the Pakistani embassy of the respective country
  • Guardian’s employment certificate (on Form-VIII) generated by the Pakistani Embassy of the respective country

Q: Are any stationary or electronic items prohibited during the exam?

A: Mobile phones and calculators will not be allowed.

Q: How can I apply for the ECAT?

A: Application forms can be found the UET website as well as from the university itself.

Q: Is Engineeting from UET a good idea?

A: UET is well reputed but to decide a major degree you must pay attention to what your strengths and weaknesses are. You can try our free career compatibility service here